Discussion Dissertation
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Objectivity & Subjectivity in the Discussion Dissertation

The discussion section of a dissertation plays a crucial role in presenting and analyzing the findings of the research. It is the section where the researcher interprets the results, connects them to the existing literature, and discusses their implications. When making the discussion, researchers often grapple with the balance between objectivity and subjectivity. In this article, we will explore the concepts of objectivity and subjectivity in the discussion dissertation and examine how researchers can effectively incorporate both elements to enhance the quality of their work.

1.      Understanding Objectivity

Objectivity refers to the impartiality and neutrality of the researcher’s approach when presenting and analyzing the research findings. In the discussion section, objectivity entails a focus on facts, evidence, and logical reasoning. Researchers should avoid personal biases, emotions, and preconceived notions, and instead rely on objective data to draw conclusions. By employing an objective stance, researchers enhance the credibility and validity of their work.

2.      Embracing Subjectivity

Subjectivity, on the other hand, acknowledges the researcher’s perspective, interpretations, and personal experiences. While objectivity emphasizes detachment, subjectivity recognizes that researchers are not devoid of biases and opinions. Subjectivity allows researchers to reflect on the research process, highlight their own insights, and offer alternative interpretations. By incorporating subjectivity, researchers provide a more nuanced understanding of the research topic and contribute to the broader academic discourse.

3.      Striking a Balance

The key challenge for researchers lies in striking the right balance between objectivity and subjectivity in the discussion section. While objectivity is essential for maintaining scientific rigor, subjectivity brings depth and context to the findings. Here are some strategies to achieve this balance effectively:

 Presenting Objective Findings: 

Start the discussion by objectively presenting the main findings of the research. Use clear and concise language, and provide relevant data, statistics, and examples to support the conclusions. This establishes a solid foundation for the subsequent analysis.

Interpreting Subjective Insights: 

After presenting the objective findings, researchers can incorporate subjective insights to offer alternative interpretations or highlight specific aspects of the research. Clearly label these subjective insights as such, ensuring transparency for the reader.

 Linking to Existing Literature: 

To maintain objectivity, researchers should connect their findings to the existing literature. This demonstrates a comprehensive understanding of the topic and allows for an objective assessment of the research’s contribution to the field.

Acknowledging Limitations: 

Objectivity requires researchers to honestly acknowledge the limitations of their study. By discussing potential biases, methodological constraints, or data limitations, researchers demonstrate their commitment to scientific integrity and maintain transparency.

Considering Multiple Perspectives: 

To incorporate subjectivity, researchers can consider and discuss multiple perspectives or counterarguments related to their findings. This demonstrates a balanced approach and enriches the discussion with diverse viewpoints.

 Reflecting on the Research Journey

In addition to maintaining objectivity and incorporating subjectivity, the discussion section also provides an opportunity for researchers to reflect on their research journey. This reflection can include insights into the challenges faced, unexpected discoveries made, and lessons learned throughout the study. By sharing these reflections, researchers add a personal touch to the discussion, making it more relatable and engaging for the readers. This self-reflection can also provide valuable context and help readers understand the researcher’s motivations and thought processes, further enriching the overall discussion. Including a section on personal reflections demonstrates authenticity and fosters a deeper connection between the researcher and the audience.

What are implications in the context of a dissertation?

Implications in the dissertation discussion chapter refer to the broader significance and consequences of the study’s findings. They shed light on the practical, theoretical, and methodological implications that arise from the research. Implications provide researchers with an opportunity to connect their findings to the existing literature, offer insights into practical applications, and suggest areas for further investigation.

How to identify implications in the dissertation discussion chapter?

Identifying implications requires researchers to critically analyze their findings and consider their potential impact on the field of study. Researchers should examine how their results align with existing theories, challenge prevailing assumptions, or offer new perspectives. They should also consider the real-world applications of their findings and assess how they can contribute to solving practical problems or informing policy decisions.


 In conclusion, the discussion section of a dissertation necessitates a delicate balance between objectivity and subjectivity. By effectively incorporating both elements, researchers can enhance the quality and impact of their work, providing valuable insights to the academic community. Striving for this balance is essential for producing robust and meaningful discussions that contribute to the advancement of knowledge in a given field.



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