Discussion Chapter
Posted in: Education

What Should A Discussion Chapter Dissertation Include

The discussion chapter dissertation is crucial in presenting and interpreting the research findings. It allows the researcher to delve into the study’s results’ implications, limitations, and significance. This blog post outlines the essential components that should be included in a well-structured discussion chapter. By understanding these key elements, researchers can effectively demonstrate their understanding of the research outcomes and contribute to the existing knowledge in their respective fields.

Recapitulation of Research Questions and Objectives

To begin the discussion chapter, it is essential to revisit the research questions and objectives established at the beginning of the dissertation. This section should concisely summarise the main research aims and briefly overview how the study was conducted. By doing so, readers can understand the context in which the findings are being discussed.

Interpretation and Analysis of Results

The core of the discussion chapter revolves around interpreting and analyzing the results obtained from the research. This section should present a detailed examination of the data collected, highlighting any significant patterns, trends, or relationships that emerged during the study. Researchers should thoroughly explain the observed outcomes and support their arguments with relevant literature and theoretical frameworks. Additionally, it is essential to address any unexpected or contradictory findings and offer plausible explanations for them.

Comparison with Previous Studies

A robust discussion chapter should exist in collaboration; it must situate the current research within the broader academic context. By comparing the findings with existing literature, researchers can establish connections, identify gaps in knowledge, and contribute to the ongoing scholarly discourse. It is crucial to highlight similarities, differences, and contradictions between the current study and previous research, explaining how the findings align with or deviate from the existing body of knowledge.

Addressing Limitations and Biases

Every research study has its limitations and potential biases; acknowledging them is vital to the discussion chapter. Researchers should openly discuss any constraints that may have affected the outcomes and offer suggestions for future investigations to overcome these limitations. Doing so showcases the researcher’s critical thinking skills and ensures transparency and integrity in the research process.

Implications and Significance 

The discussion chapter should conclude with a comprehensive exploration of the implications and significance of the research findings. Researchers should clearly articulate their results’ practical and theoretical implications and discuss how they contribute to the existing knowledge in the field. It is also important to highlight any potential applications of the findings and suggest areas for further research to build upon the current study.

Interpretation and Analysis

The discussion chapter Following the summary should include a thorough interpretation and analysis of the research findings. This involves critically examining the results, identifying patterns or trends, and explaining their significance within the context of the research area. It is essential to support the interpretation with relevant literature and theoretical frameworks.

Addressing Limitations

Every research study has its limitations, and it is crucial to acknowledge and address them in the discussion chapter. This demonstrates a thorough understanding of the research process and highlights areas for improvement. By acknowledging the limitations, the researcher maintains transparency and credibility.

Contradictory Evidence

Sometimes, the research findings may not align with the initial hypotheses or existing theories. Discussing any contradictory evidence and exploring potential reasons for the discrepancies is important. This adds depth to the discussion and opens avenues for further research or alternative perspectives.

Implications of the Findings

The discussion chapter should also discuss the broader implications of the research findings. How do the results contribute to the existing knowledge in the field? What practical applications can be derived from the findings? Addressing these questions helps establish the research’s significance and potential impact.

Comparisons with Prior Research

To provide a comprehensive analysis, comparing the research findings with prior studies in the same field is beneficial. This demonstrates an understanding of the existing body of knowledge and highlights any consistencies or deviations. Such comparisons contribute to the overall validity and reliability of the research.

Recommendations for Future Research

Based on the research findings, the discussion chapter should conclude with recommendations for future research. These recommendations can address any gaps or limitations identified during the study. By suggesting avenues for further exploration, the researcher contributes to advancing the field and encourages future scholars.


In summary, the discussion chapter of a dissertation serves as a platform to interpret, analyze, and contextualize the research findings. By incorporating the key components outlined in this blog post, researchers can effectively communicate the significance of their study, address limitations, and contribute to the academic discourse. A well-structured discussion chapter strengthens the overall credibility and impact of the research, allowing readers to grasp the study’s broader implications and potential for future developments in the field.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to Top